HomeBLOGAn Exposition of the Five Chiastic Stanzas at my Church – the Gospel of Isaiah 52:13-15 thru 53:1-12
December 16, 2019
An Exposition of the Five Chiastic Stanzas at my Church – the Gospel of Isaiah 52:13-15 thru 53:1-12
I am thankful our Pastor allowed me (a layperson) to preach this Lord’s Day message. As it says in Chapter 26, Paragraph 11 of our Confession of Faith –
Although it be incumbent on the bishops or pastors of the churches, to be instant in preaching the word, by way of office, yet the work of preaching the word is not so peculiarly confined to them but that others also gifted and fitted by the Holy Spirit for it, and approved and called by the church, may and ought to perform it.24 ( 24 Acts 11:19-21; 1 Pet. 4:10,11).
The notes to this sermon can be viewed below this video.
chapter 53 (the five chiastic stanzas in the Marrow of the Gospel – chap
52:13-15 thru 53:1-12)
Intro: Isaiah 53 is the last of what are known as the four “Suffering Servant Songs.” The first Servant Song can be found in Chap. 42:1–9, the second in Chap. 49:1–7, the third in Chap. 50:4–11; and this one, the fourth song, is found in Chapters 52:13–15 to the end of Chap. 53.
So to put Isaiah 53 in a better context, it would be
better to teach beginning with Chapter
52 verses 13, and will end with chapter 53 verse 12.
The “Suffering Servant” mentioned here is Jesus
Christ. This passage is often quoted throughout the New Testament. Jesus Christ
the Lamb of God suffered horrifically in the place of His sheep, God’s elect, His
The late Dr. Robert Hawkers of the 1700’s, said this
of chapter 53 ~
“This may very well be called the Chapter of
Chapters, concerning the Lord Jesus Christ; in which the two great features of
his character are drawn to the full: the sufferings
of Christ; and the glory that should
follow. The Prophet, under the Holy Ghost, most blessedly sets forth the Lord
Jesus, under both.”
RC Sproul Sr. said, “In this “servant Song” the
Lord’s triumphant victory is revealed through crushing oppression and
judgement. How does the Lord provide those glorious robes of righteousness for
His defiled bride? How does the strong arm of the Lord win this victory? He
accomplishes it by afflicting His obedient Servant in our place (His church).
This ‘Suffering Servant’ is Jesus Christ.”
Throughout this chapter, we will see that it is rich
in Christology, and the Doctrine of the ‘Substitutionary Atonement.’ The SA is
also known as the “great exchange.” However in this study, we will also ‘scratch
the surface’ of many other important applicable doctrines i.e.
The Doctrine of glorification
A definite, limited, or particular atonement
The Imputation of Christ
The Doctrine of Interposition, and the
Ascension of Christ
As the Latin phrase says… Totum Pro Vulnere
This fourth Suffering
Servant Song is divided by five chiastic
(Ky-as-stick) stanzas, containing three
verses each. Those stanzas are chapter 52 vs 13-15, Chapter 53 vs 1-3, then verses
4-6, then verses 7-9, and the fifth stanza in verses 10-12.
Stanzas 1 and 5 focus on the victory of the suffering Servant.
Stanzas 2 and 4 focus on the realities
of His suffering, and the central theme, or the ‘central stanza’ reveals the reason for His suffering.
Chapter 52 verses 13-15 are a summary or a preface, to
the humiliation and exaltation of Christ the ‘suffering
Then later in this study, the intensity escalates
into a violent catastrophic, prophetic exchange of sins (but only on behalf of
some). Whereas the only innocent man in the entire world (God the Son), received
the full wrath of God the Father.
This study begins with the ‘fourth song,’ ‘Stanza
1′ – Isaiah 52:13-15.
Please stand for the reading of the first 3 verses.
13 Behold, My servant
will prosper, He will be high and lifted up and greatly exalted. 14 Just as
many were astonished at you, My people, So His appearance was marred more than
any man, and His form more than the sons of men. 15 Thus He will sprinkle many
nations, Kings will shut their mouths on account of Him; For what had not been
told them they will see, And what they had not heard they will understand.”
says “Behold, My servant will prosper, He will be high and lifted up and greatly
The Prophet Isaiah says Christ shall ‘prosper.’ Some
translations say Christ will ‘act wisely’ or ‘deal ‘prudently.’ In the Hebrew,
the implication here is Christ would act with such intelligence and discernment,
as to succeed in His objectives, and fulfill His Fathers will.
Jesus the suffering Servant is not only lifted upon
that Cross. But to be more accurate, in the
Hebrew this means that His Divine nature and majesty was magnified.
He was lifted up, mounted up, He was raised-up super-la-tiv-ely high. He became Higher
than high, and higher than any other man. High enough to later sit at the right
hand of the Father, to become equal with the Father (Acts 2:32-39).
It says in Phil 2:9 “Therefore God has highly
exalted him, and bestowed on him the name that is above every name.”
In the next verse, vs 14 this poem shifts from being exalted High, to an apparent
In verse 14
it says “Just as many were astonished at you, My people, So His appearance was
marred more than any man, and His form more than the sons of men.”
Many were shocked, and astonished at His appearance.
Though I am not endorsing this movie, and I am
adamantly against Roman Catholicism. But the movie ‘Passion of Christ’ may have
been the most graphic Hollywood depiction of the crucifixion of Christ, but it
was not even close to how Jesus was truly tortured.
Here the scripture says that Jesus was marred beyond
human semblance. This word “marred” is the Hebrew word mishchath’ (mish-cheth‘), which tells of Christ’s disfigurement,
and His bodily physical ‘medical’ corruption.
Johnathan Edwards said “Many were astonied (a-ston-eed) at Him; His visage was so
marred, more than any man, and His form more than the sons of men. They were
offended in Him. He had no form of comeliness; and when they saw Him, there was
no beauty that they should desire Him.”
Christ’s face was either shredded, and/or ‘ripped
off’ beyond human semblance. His skull may have been visible.
Christ was being subjected to the utmost inhumane cruelty.
His appearance was so awful, that the people were astonished. It says Christ’s
disfigurement went beyond what any other human had seen. It was unheard of, and
unseen until this crucifixion.
But stand by, Christ’s appearance will change upon
His Second Coming.
Moving on to verse 15.
says “Thus He will sprinkle many nations,
Kings will shut their mouths on account of Him; For what had not been told them
they will see, And what they had not heard they will understand.”
It says that thru the bludgeoned, disfigured, shredded,
blood spattered body of Christ, that He would shed His blood across many
His Sacrifice and Atonement went beyond Israel, and across
to many Nations.
It says in Hebrews 9:22 “And almost all things are
by the law purged with blood; and without shedding of blood there is no
remission of sin.”
Christ is seen here as the Lamb that was slain (thru
His bloodshed), for the foundations of the world, but He is also seen here in His
‘priestly duties’ re the sprinkling of His blood.
It says “Kings shall shut their mouths because of
When Kings and their people see that the suffering
Servant has been exalted as the Christ,
they will be in awe, this will be a true ‘shock and awe,’ they will become
When they realize that this Servant exalts to His
throne, as an equal to the Father, they will be utterly amazed.
It also says “for that which has not been told them, they see.”
At this time many Nations have already been
evangelized, but now they have a visual demonstration to see what they have not
This is a ‘prophetic depiction’ as to how the
preaching of the Gospel coincides with the death, burial, and resurrection of
Christ, as well as His ascension. Here many saw what they did not yet hear, but
today they can hear what they cannot see. Now continuing
into Chapter 53
Verses 1-3 will be stanza #2
Vs 1-3 “Who has
believed our message? And to whom has the arm of the Lord been revealed?
2 For He grew up before Him like
a tender shoot,
And like a root out of parched ground; He has no stately form
That we should look upon Him, Nor appearance that we should be attracted
to Him. 3 He was despised and forsaken of men, A man
of sorrows and acquainted with grief; And like one from whom men
hide their face, He was despised, and we did not esteem Him.”
Verse 1 of stanza 2 says, “Who has believed our message? And to whom has the arm of the Lord been revealed?”
Many from this Jewish
Nation rejected Christ as the Messiah. While many from all over the world,
repent and believe; but our Jewish neighbors (at large) still reject Jesus as
Today many Jews
dispise this chapter, and they claim it does not exist. Try preaching it on
Rodeo Dr. I have video of the Beverly Hills police investigating our preaching
of Isaiah 53, on Rodeo Dr.
translates vs 1 as this. “Who has believed
our report? And to whom has the arm
of the Lord been revealed?”
Let us look at
the words ‘believed our message, or report.’
This word ‘believe’ is the Hebrew word ‘âman (aw-man’), which is more than an intellectual belief (similarly to
the NT word believe).
This ‘âman means to build-up or support; to foster as a parent or
nurse; figuratively to render or be firm or faithful, to be faithful of long
continuance, steadfastness, surely, verified, and/or to put your trust in.
This word ‘message’ or report’ is the Hebrew word shmuw`ah
(sem-oo-aw’), which means the thing heard,
i.e. an announcement, doctrine, mentioned news.
Perhaps you’ve never
seen the presence of evangelism in Isaiah 53, but it is here.
Hawkers said, “The Gospel of Christ is a report, and full of glad tidings of
good things; yet so very generally is it despised and scorned, that the
question is here put, who hath believed it? Reader! When we consider who Christ
is in himself, and how essentially necessary his salvation is to all men; it
becomes a matter of wonder that all men, universally speaking, do not embrace
it in transports of joy. >
But, on the other hand, when we consider how sunk and fallen our nature is,
even to the total ignorance of our ruin, it becomes a matter of still greater
wonder, that any should receive it. Nothing, indeed, but sovereign grace can
accomplish it in the heart. It is the Lord, that must make his people willing
in the day of his power.”
It says in Romans
10:14-17, “How then shall they call on him in whom they have not believed? And
how shall they believe in him of whom they have not heard? And how shall they
hear without a preacher? And how shall they preach, except they be sent? As it
is written, how beautiful are the feet of them that preach the gospel of peace,
and bring glad tidings of good things! But they have not all obeyed the gospel.
For Esaias saith, Lord, who hath believed our report? So then faith cometh by
hearing, and hearing by the word of God.”
This is why it is
important to preach the glorious Gospel in Israel, as well as other Nations. Because
the Gospel is the power of God unto salvation.
But sadly today most
Americans and their churches go to Israel for vacations. As I stated before. “I
cringe at the thought of the MILLIONS and MILLIONS of dollars that churches
within America raise each year, so that their sheep can go to Israel for
nothing more than a learning experience, a paid vacation, and/or a gloried
field-trip. To do so without primarily sharing the Gospel, is self-serving and
gratuitous. But the Bible does command Christians to go out and preach His
glorious Gospel, and to even be willing to lay down their life for the cause of
Back to verse
one, “Who has believed our message? And to whom has the arm of the Lord been
Verse 1b says “And to whom has the arm of the Lord been revealed?”
This is where we
see the ‘interposition doctrine.’
This phrase “arm
of the Lord” is a phrase that is used to ‘interpose’ in human affairs. Whereby
God delivers His people, and punishes His foes.
This ‘arm of the
Lord’ displays and represents the mighty incarnate power of God, and that Jesus
will either be your Deliverer, or your Destroyer.
The Hebrew word for this “arm of the Lord” is zerôa‛ (zer-o’-ah), which means the arm to be
stretched-out like the foreleg of an animal, to be slain. It also means force, help, mighty-power, and a shoulder. It also means a symbol
of strength, a symbol of forces (both political and militarily).
Johnathan Edwards said “By the same verses it is evident
that it was Christ, the second person of the Trinity, that went before Israel
when they came out of Egypt. God calls His Son “Arm,” as Jacob calls his son
“his right hand.”
Now that we’ve examined His ‘arm,’ let’s examine the
This ‘Lord’ comes from the Hebrew word Yehôvâh (yeh-ho-vaw’)
which means the Existing One, or thee Eternal One; It is also the Jewish
national name of God.
unsaved Jews expected, and are still waiting for their Messiah, but He has
come, He is right here. They were waiting for a man Kingly in-appearance, dressed
in Royalty; but instead our next verse (vs 2) described Jesus as much less in
Verse 2 of stanza 2 says “For He grew up
before Him like a tender shoot, and like a root out of parched ground; He has
no stately form or majesty that we should look upon Him, Nor appearance that we
should be attracted to Him.”
Since Jesus was first
rejected at the Inn, and then born in a dirty ‘feeding trough,’ it says that Jesus
then grew-up like a ‘young plant.’
This ‘young plant’
is the Hebrew word yônêq (yo-nake’), which is a sucker or a shoot from a tree stump, or a
suckling that is near his mother’s breast, or a twig, or a tender plant.
I struggled while
preparing this sermon. It is difficult to repeat how the Prophet Isaiah
describes the Lord here.
In the Hebrew
translation, it seems more like blasphemy to describe Jesus as such. The Hebrew
Text is hard to imagine. But the Prophet is boldly describing the appearance and
humility of Jesus here, and what people mistakenly thought of Him. I could not
imagine the eternal wrath upon those that have “another Jesus” that Paul warned
about, as well as the unsaved Jews.
In the Hebrew
this means that Jesus did not demonstrate a beautiful figure or appearance, or
countenance. He did not appear to be of an Excellency.
Remember the Scriptures
also says that He came riding-in on a donkey.
Scriptures also foretold us in Isaiah 11:1-3 “There shall come forth a shoot
from the stump of Jesse, and a branch from his roots shall bear fruit. And the
Spirit of the Lord shall rest upon him, the Spirit of wisdom and understanding,
the Spirit of counsel and might, the Spirit of knowledge and the fear of the
Lord. And his delight shall be in the fear of the Lord.”
Verse 3 of stanza 2 says, “He was
despised and forsaken of men, A man of sorrows and acquainted with grief; And
like one from whom men hide their face He was despised, and we did not esteem
It says the Lord Jesus
was a ‘man of sorrows’ and was acquainted with grief.”
In the Hebrew
this says that Jesus experienced grief, pain, and sorrow. He also experienced malady,
anxiety, calamity, disease, grief, and sickness.
He was further described
in Psalm 22:6 as, “But I am a worm and not a man, scorned by mankind and despised
by the people.”
The Prophet says
the Lord Jesus was so rejected, that people ‘hid their faces’ from Jesus.
Have you ever
seen someone, but you didn’t want them to see you? So you avoided them. This
was what our LORD Jesus experienced. This is the way the GOD Man was treated.
As one scholar
(JM) said, “The prophet foresees the hatred and rejection by mankind toward the
Messiah – Servant, who suffered not only external abuse, but also ‘internal grief’
over the lack of response from those He came to save.”
Next is Stanza 3 – Verses 4-6
Here the Prophet
Isaiah begins to tell ‘why’ the Lord Jesus was crucified as such.
We also see the
transaction between the lost and Christ, as Christ became the substitute.
However this was not a universal atonement.
Vs 4-6 says “Surely
our griefs He Himself bore, and our sorrows He carried; Yet we ourselves
esteemed Him stricken, Smitten of God, and afflicted. 5 But He was pierced
through for our transgressions, He was crushed for our iniquities; The
chastening for our well-being fell upon Him, And by His scourging we are
healed. 6 All of us like sheep have gone astray, Each of us has turned to his
own way; But the Lord has caused the iniquity of us all to fall on Him.”
Vs 4 said “Surely he has
borne our griefs and carried our
sorrows; yet we esteemed him stricken, smitten by God, and afflicted.”
The words ‘He has borne,’ in Hebrew means to carry
(away), to forgive, to pardon.
Christ also ‘carried’ our sorrows. This word ‘carried’
means to carry a burden, to bear, to labour, to bear a load, to drag oneself
He has borne the griefs, and carried the sorrows of
Our ‘griefs’ here in the Hebrew, are our malady, our anxiety,
our calamity, disease and sickness.
Though here the prophet is speaking of the sickness of
our soul, it is also true that when a Christian experiences the ‘doctrine of
Glorification’ (after Christ’s Second Coming), that we will be healed
physically from all sickness, as He gives us our new body.
These ‘sorrows’ are our ‘anguish,’ our affliction, our grief
It says we esteemed Him ‘stricken.’ This word stricken
means to lay the hand upon, to violently strike, to punish, defeat, or to destroy.
It says He (Christ) was also ‘smitten’ by God. This word
‘smitten’ is the Hebrew word nâkâh (naw-kaw’).
It means to strike, to beat, to cast forth, to give wounds, to kill, to punish,
to slaughter, to slay, to smite, strike, or to wound.’
At this point, Jesus Christ the Son of God endured the
full wrath of God. It’s the same wrath that I deserve, it’s the same wrath that
we all deserve, and it’s the same wrath that the unsaved will endure for their
As one scholar said “He did not merely suffer physical
pain and human abandonment on the Cross. He was even abandoned by God,
receiving the hellish fate that all people deserve.”
Hell is forever folks, and the wrath of God is forever.
Hebrews 2:17-18 says “Therefore he
had to be made like his brothers in every respect, so that he might become a
merciful and faithful high priest in the service of God, to make propitiation
for the sins of the people. For because he himself has suffered when tempted,
he is able to help those who are being tempted.”
Moving onto verse 5, where we will see more substitutionary
atonement (aka the ‘great exchange’).
Vs 5 “But He was pierced through for
our transgressions, He was crushed for our iniquities; The chastening for our
well-being fell upon Him, and by His scourging we are healed.”
Vs 5a says He
was ‘pierced for our transgressions.’
The word ‘pierced’ in the Hebrew means ‘He was wounded, to
profane, to defile, pollute, desecrate. To violate the honour of, to fatally wound,
or to be slain.’
And ‘what’ was He pierced for? It says for “our
transgressions,” which was our rebel or revolt against the sovereignty of God,
as we transgressed God’s Law.
Vs 5b says “He
was crushed for our iniquities;”
This word ‘crushed’ also means to ‘beat to pieces,’ to break
into pieces, to bruise, to destroy, to humble, oppress, or smite.
And what was He crushed for? Our iniquities, and our
Vs 5c says “upon
him was the chastisement that brought us peace,”
This torture that Christ experienced, is what brought
peace to those that He would save. As thee substitute for sinners, He brought
peace to sinners that become saved.
Vs 5d says “and
with his scourging or wounds we are healed.”
Some translations say by His ‘stripes’ we are healed.
These ‘stripes’ that caused His death, has brought
salvation to those for whose sins He died.
It says in 1 Peter 2:24 “He himself bore our sins in his
body on the tree, that we might die to
sin and live to righteousness. By his wounds you have been healed.”
Another commentator (RCS) said. “The sufferings of Christ
remove the penalty that His people otherwise owe, and as a result, He will undo
the effects of sin in them. Death itself will be undone at last.”
As it says in 1 Cor 15:26, “The last enemy to be destroyed
In the next
verse, vs 6, we can see the doctrine
of ‘definite atonement,’ or ‘limited atonement’ (aka particular atonement). As
well as the doctrine of the ‘imputation of Christ.’
Vs 6 says “All of us
like sheep have gone astray, each
of us has turned to his own way; But the Lord has caused the iniquity of us all
to fall on Him.”
This phrase ‘we
or us like sheep’ in the Hebrew is a ‘flock’ of sheep, or a ‘multitude’ of
sheep, it is not universal; it is a ‘particular’ flock.
In other words
Christ did not atone for all people
in this world, but only for a limited multitude, or definite flock of His
It says we have
all “gone astray.” This Hebrew word tâ‛âh (taw-aw’) means ‘to vacillate, to go
astray, or cause to deceive, to dissemble, to err, seduce, to stagger, or to
It says we have
all sinned, all turned, all gone our own way, “and the Lord has caused, or laid on Him the iniquity
of us all.”
This word “has caused
or laid” is a primitive root, which means to impinge by violence, to make
intercession, to interpose, to meet Him.
It was at ‘this
point,’ that the guilt of our sins (those saved) was transferred (or imputed)
over to Jesus, as He offered Himself as a sacrifice in our place.
As it says in 2
Cor 5:21 “For our sake he made him to be sin who knew no sin, so that in him,
we might become the righteousness of God.”
This phrase ‘to
fall,’ or ‘laid on Him,’ means even much more.
We read in the
book of Numbers that the ‘revenger of blood’ was authorized to slay the
It says in Numbers
35:19 “The avenger of blood shall himself put the murderer to death; when he
meets him, he shall put him to death.”
Let’s zoom-in on
this “and the Lord has caused,” or “laid.”
And so it is the
same verb being used in this pivotal point of crucifixion. Whereas our
transgressions would “meet” Christ,
or were “met-to” Christ, and God the
Father would slay Christ, as if He
were the guilty one, instead of us.
(JM) said “The manner in which God laid our iniquity on Him was that God
treated Him as if He had committed every sin ever committed by every person who
would ever believe, though He was perfectly innocent of any sin. God did so to
Him, so that wrath being spent and justice satisfied, God could then give to
the account of sinners who believe, the righteousness of Christ, treating them
as if they had done only righteous acts of Christ. In both cases, this is
Moving onto stanza 4, verses 7-9.
Vs 7-9 says “He
was oppressed and He was afflicted, yet He did not open His mouth; Like a
lamb that is led to slaughter, and like a sheep that is silent before its shearers,
so He did not open His mouth. 8 By oppression and
judgment He was taken away; And as for His generation, who considered that He
was cut off out of the land of the living for the transgression of my
people, to whom the stroke was due? 9 His
grave was assigned with wicked men, yet He was with a rich man in His
death, because He had done no violence, nor was there any deceit in His
Vs 7 said “He was oppressed and He was
afflicted, yet He did not open His mouth; Like a lamb that is led to slaughter,
and like a sheep that is silent before its shearers, so He did not open His
Even after all of
this torture, it says that He “not opened his mouth.” Though Jesus was 100%
innocent, this means that he didn’t speak in His own defense before His
accusers. He was totally submissive to His captors. Moreover, to His Fathers
It was testified
in Matthew 27:12-14. “But when he was accused by the chief priests and elders,
he gave no answer. Then Pilate said to him, “Do you not hear how many things
they testify against you?” But he gave him no answer, not even to a single
charge, so that the governor was greatly amazed.”
assumed the role as the ‘sacrificial Lamb.’
John foretold and
declared in John 1:29 “The next day he saw Jesus coming toward him, and said,
“Behold, the Lamb of God, who takes away the sin of the world!”
Jesus was not a
mere man, He was the Christ, the propitiation for the sins of His bride.
‘propitiation’ (hilasmos) placates Gods wrath for His elect, while expiation’
removes our guilt.
As the late
Robert Hawkers said, “The expression being taken from prison and from judgment,
is uncommonly striking, and plainly confirms the doctrine of his propitiatory
Vs 8a says He was put to death by “oppression
and judgment.” This was a malicious prosecution, a case of prosecutorial malfeasance,
and misconduct. He was put to death as a result of an injustice.
Vs 8b says He “was cut off out of the land
of the living, stricken for the transgressions of my people?”
One Scholar (JM)
explained this this way. “The Servant lost His life to be the substitute ‘object
of wrath’ in the place the Jews [others], who by that substitution, will
receive salvation, and the righteousness of God imputed to them.”
Vs 9 says “His grave was assigned with wicked men, yet He was with a
rich man in His death, because He had done no violence, nor was there any
deceit in His mouth.”
His death, and they appointed Him His grave.
They had made His
grave with the wicked, which was those two thieves crucified at each side of
Him. But instead, they buried Him with the “rich,” through a tomb provided by the
wealthy ‘Joseph of Arimathea.’ Through Joseph, this following prophecy was
It says in Matthew
27:57-60, “When it was evening, there came a rich man from Arimathea, named
Joseph, who also was a disciple of Jesus. He went to Pilate and asked for the
body of Jesus. Then Pilate ordered it to be given to him. And Joseph took the
body and wrapped it in a clean linen shroud and laid it in his own new tomb,
which he had cut in the rock. And he rolled a great stone to the entrance of
the tomb and went away.”
It says in 1 Pet 2:22,
“He committed no sin, neither was deceit found in his mouth.”
The last three verses, 10-12 will be ‘stanza 5.’
Vs 10 says “But the Lord was
pleased to crush Him, putting Him to grief;
If He would render Himself as a guilt offering, He
will see His offspring,
He will prolong His days, and the good pleasure of
the Lord will prosper in His hand.”
In vs 10a it says, “It pleased the LORD to crush
(or bruise) Him.”
“pleased the Father” is a more accurate translation.
“pleased’ is the Hebrew word châphêts (khaw-fates’), which means to incline to,
to be pleased with, to delight in, to take pleasure in, or to desire.
This word “crush”
or “bruised” is the Hebrew word dâkâ’ (daw-kaw’) which means to crumble; to beat
to pieces, to break (in pieces), to crush, destroy, to humble, oppress, and/or smite.”
In the correct language
(the Hebrew) we see more of Gods holy hatred of sin, so much that God the
Father was ‘delighted’ to kill His only begotten son. He was delighted to ‘tear
Him into pieces.’
John Calvin said,
“In Christ there was no fault; why, then, was the Lord pleased that he should
suffer? Because he stood in our room, and in no other way than by his death
could the justice of God be satisfied.”
Vs 10b says “He has put him to grief,”
which means ‘to be weak, sick, afflicted, to be diseased, to be wounded.’
There are many false
teachers today that wrongfully teach ‘good health’ thru salvation, or that the
Lord heals the sick when they draw nearer to the Lord. This verse refutes that
false teaching, because the Father even made His only Son sick.
Vs 10c says “If He would render Himself as
a guilt offering.”
Christ became the
sin offering, the sin sacrifice, the Passover Lamb.
It says in 1 Cor
5:7 “Cleanse out the old leaven that you may be a new lump, as you really are
unleavened. For Christ, our Passover lamb, has been sacrificed.”
Vs 10d says “he shall see his offspring.”
The LORD will see
his offspring, the fruit of His labor, which are those that will become
born-again. That is those whom he placated Gods wrath for.
Vs 10e says “he shall prolong his days;”
This refers to
the time subsequent to His ‘death and burial.’ Only His bodily resurrection
could serve to fulfill a prediction like this.
To be able to see
His Seed, the suffering Servant must rise from His grave.
Vs 10f says “And the good pleasure of the
Lord will prosper in His hand.”
As another scholar
said, “This amazing statement is true because Christ was delivered up according
to the definite plan and foreknowledge of God.”
Moving onto Vs 11, here we will also
see an implication of the ‘doctrine of justification.’
Vs 11 says, “As a result of
the anguish of His soul, He will see it and be
By His knowledge the Righteous One, My Servant, will justify the many, As
He will bear their iniquities.”
This ‘knowledge’ is speaking of Gods
foreknowledge of this Divine plan.
The LORD foreknew
the solution to His church’s sin problem.
As one commentary
reads, “Jesus didn’t wrestle sinners to safety, out of the hands of an angry
God. His sacrifice to save sinners, was in perfect harmony with the will of the
In the following cross
reference verse, we’ll also see the doctrines of ‘original sin’ and ‘justification.’
Romans 5:18-19 says, “Therefore, as through one man’s offense judgment
came to all men, resulting in condemnation, even so through one Man’s
righteous act the free gift came to all men, resulting in justification
of life. For as by one man’s disobedience many were made sinners, so also
by one Man’s obedience many will be made righteous.”
We were born
sinners because of the first Adams sin, and some will become justified, saved,
and accounted righteous, because of the Last Adams death burial and resurrection.
Whereas He forever defeated death, and conquered sin for His elect.
What occurred on
this cross was a ‘legal transaction with forensic value.’ But only for that those
that would repent, and put their faith and trust in Christ.
In that Romans 5
verse it says “by one Man’s obedience, many will be made righteous.” Some of
your translations say justified,
rather than ‘made righteous.’
This “made or accounted righteous’ demonstrates
the ‘doctrine of imputation,’ and ‘justification’ as the ‘righteousness of Christ’
is imputed (or transferred) over to those that would become saved, and that
saved sinners’ sin is imputed upon Christ.
The next verse is
our last verse.
Vs 12 says, “Therefore, I will allot Him a portion with the
great, and He will divide the booty
with the strong; Because He poured out
Himself to death,
And was numbered with the transgressors; Yet He Himself bore the sin
And interceded for the
Having penned all
of chapter 53, the prophet Isaiah now ‘wraps it up’ by saying “Therefore.”
Here the Father
divides the “booty” (or “spoils”) of victory with His Triumphant Son.
I love what John Wycliffe
said of this “spoil.” “This spoil is ‘The booty of precious souls won to
Christ, through the preaching of the Gospel.”
It says He ‘poured-out
His soul,’ which speaks of how He gave Himself up for Gods elect.
It says Christ
was “numbered with transgressors.” This speaks of how Christ was counted amongst
a sinful populace or people, as He assumes a role among sinful humans.
It says Christ
bore the sins of “many.” Notice it does not say “all,” but only “many.” These
“many” are a particular class of people from ‘all’ over the world. It is those
that would become ‘redeemed” or born-again. That is why we call His limited
atonement a ‘particular’ atonement.
It says He “makes
intercession for the transgressors.”
This is referring
to the office of the Intercessory High Priest.
Let me close with
For Christians it
says in 1st John 1:9….
It says in Hebrews
7:25, “Consequently, he is able to save to the uttermost those who draw near to
God through him, since he always lives to make intercession for them.”
says, “For Christ has entered, not into holy places made with hands, which are
copies of the true things, but into heaven itself, now to appear in the
presence of God on our behalf.”